Jumat, 16 Februari 2018

Modals

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 Modal sering disebut juga sebagai auxiliary karena fungsinya dalam kalimat adalah sebagai kata kerja bantu.
A. Modal Present
Rumus: S + MODAL (must, might, should, could) + have + V3

Modal
Fungsi
Contoh
Will (to be going to)
= akan
menyatakan peristiwa yang akan datang He will arrive tomorrow
menyatakan permintaan sopan Will you open the door, please?
Shall
= akan
menyatakan peristiwa yang akan datang We shall leave here next month.
menyatakan persetujuan Shall I open the door?
menyatakan keputusan yang harus dilaksanakan You shall open the door now!
Must (has/have to)
= harus, pasti
keharusan (tidak boleh tidak dikerjakan) You must study hard.
kesimpulan sekarang (present) He has been living in USA for 10 years. He must speak English well.
May
= mungkin, boleh
kemungkinan sekarang (present) He is absent. He may be sick.
ijin May I go now?
Ought to
= seharusnya
menyatakan keharusan You ought to practice a lot before the competition.
Can
= dapat, mampu
kemampuan I can sing.
menyatakan kebolehan/ijin Can I borrow your car?

B. Modal Past
Rumus: S + MODAL PAST (would, should, must/had to, might, could) + V1  

Modal past Keterangan
Fungsi
Contoh
Would
= akan
bentuk past dari will menyatakan permintaan sopan Would you like to open the door, please?
Should
= akan
bentuk past dari will menyatakan sesuatu yang seharusnya dikerjakan/tidak dikerjakan The man should not swim in that dangerous beach.
Must (had to)
= harus, pasti
bentuk past dari will/has to/have to
keharusan (tidak boleh tidak dikerjakan) You must/had to study in biology class yesterday.
kesimpulan sekarang (present) He has been living in USA for 10 years. He must speak English well.
Might
= mungkin, boleh
bentuk past dari may menyatakan ungkapan yang lebih sopan Joni might do the exam well.
menyatakan kemungkinan besar Ariel was absent yesterday. He might be sick.
Could
= dapat, mampu
bentuk past dari can menyatakan permintaan yang lebih sopan Could you open the door please?
menyatakan kebolehan/ijin You could open the window.

C. Modal Perfect
Rumus: S + MODAL (must, might, should, could) + have + V3

Modal past
Fungsi
Contoh
Must have + V3
kesimpulan lampau Anto passed the exam. He must have studied.
Might have + V3
kemungkinan lampau Anto was absent. He might have been sick.
Should have + V3 keharusan yang tak dikerjakan pada waktu lampau Contoh: Anto didn’t pass. He should have studied. Fakta berlawanan arti: He didn’t study.
kesimpulan sekarang (present) He has been living in USA for 10 years. He must speak
English well.
Could have + V3
kemampuan yang tak digunakan di waktu lampau Anto could have done the homework himself. Fakta berlawanan arti: He didn’t do the homework himself.

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